How to choose a microwave oven
A microwave oven can be an electrical appliance designed for cooking, heating and defrosting food. A microwave can be found in almost every kitchen. Despite the simplicity of the device, the choice of such a technique ought to be treated responsibly, having previously studied the primary parameters.
Built-in microwave oven . Fits into a kitchen unit, maintaining the unity of the design of the room.
Freestanding. Can be positioned on brackets, table, shelf or in another of the drawers.
Internal level of the chamber
The chamber volume could be from 17 to 42 liters, depending on model. Spacious microwave ovens are ideal for a large family. Compact microwave ovens can simply cope with heating food, making hot sandwiches or defrosting convenience foods.
This parameter determines the speed of defrosting and cooking. Depending on the task, the microwave should work at a certain power. To help keep food warm, 100?150 W is sufficient, and 900 W for defrosting. To prepare a full meal, the power must be around 1400 watts. Modern models have a wattage from 700 to 1000 watts.
When investing in a microwave oven, it is necessary to take into account hawaii of the electrical wiring, since powerful models can make additional load on the network.
Most often, the inner surface of the microwave is covered with among three types of material:
Enamel coating. These microwave ovens are reliable, durable, inexpensive, and easy to clean. However, in the process of work, cracks and chips may appear.
Stainless steel cover. It really is seen as a resistance to high temperatures, low price. The disadvantages include the difficulty in cleaning, since there are traces of drops and fingers on the metal.
Bioceramic coating. Economical, durable material that is easy to clean and reduces energy costs. When working with such a microwave, you have to be careful, as bioceramics are quite fragile.
There are two forms of microwave control: mechanical and electronic.
Mechanical control is provided by rotary switches, most often used in inexpensive models. They are seen as a low cost, simple management, low possibility of damage.
Electronic control is of three types:
Keypad. Comes with an attractive design and the capability to change programs. Requires frequent cleaning, as dirt quickly accumulates round the buttons.
Touchpad. Easy to maintain and use, however, sensor elements are prone to breakage and are expensive.
Rotary pushbutton panel. The simplest and most proven option. The disadvantages are the inability to set the exact cooking time.
For lovers of dishes with a "golden crust", microwave ovens with a grill are provided. They are of three types:
Heating element grill. The heating element (tubular electric heater) is the simplest, most inexpensive kind of grill, it usually is rotated, providing heating from the side and from the very best. It retains heat for some time, bakes food well. At the same time, it is difficult to completely clean and requires a lot of energy.
Quartz grill is a tubular quartz electric heater located behind a metal grate in top of the section of the stove. Economical, gets hotter and cooks quickly. Dishes cooked on such a grill taste good. A quartz lamp gets dirty quickly and is difficult to clean.
Infrared grill. Best for crispy dishes. Usually, there are numerous cooking modes where dishes are ready quickly, easily, tasty. The infrared grill can be utilized separately from the oven.
Microwaves with convection .
In such microwave ovens, food is cooked no worse than in ovens. Food positioned on a spit or wire rack is treated with a blast of hot air. Convection is a useful feature for lovers of baked goods and baked meat.
Reheating and defrosting
These are the most used microwave functions used by consumers. In the microwave, you can defrost meat, fish, vegetables, berries, and in addition reheat a previously prepared dish.
In addition to the basic functions, there are a number of additional ones:
a double boiler (for preparing diet meals);
auto-cooking (built-in modes);
the program "My recipes";
quick start (heating food at maximum power in a couple of minutes);
function of double radiation (for uniform heating of dishes);
odor elimination mode;
self-cleaning (steam cleaning mode);
step-by-step cooking function.
When choosing dishes for a microwave oven, it is advisable to pay attention to its thermal stability and fire resistance. https://kstech.com.ua/tovari-dlya-kyxni/ak-vybraty-mikrokhvylovu-pich-dlia-domu/ , ceramic, thermoplastic and glassware are suitable for conventional ovens. For microwave ovens with grill and convection, fireproof materials are required.
In addition, cymbals ought to be free from any metal or gilding.
When shopping for a microwave oven, remember two rules:
It is forbidden to utilize metal, crystal, melamine dishes;
It is allowed to use products manufactured from ceramics, porcelain, plastic, fabric, glass.
Benefits of microwaves
The microwave oven has long turn into a reliable assistant in the kitchen, cooking with it gets the following advantages:
Heating and defrosting functions;
The ability to cook a whole meal;
Lack of grease, odor, soot;
When cooking without oil, food does not burn;
Economical power consumption.